Ekman et al. Toxicol Sci. 2009 Jun;109(2):180-92. Epub 2009 Apr 8.
Categorization of the assay/approach:
Status of the assay:
Categorization according to "exposure duration/effect":
Categorization according to combination of type of effect, endpoint measured and/or method used:
Categorization according to what "R" from the "3R" concept is this assay an alternative:
In the male fathead minnow (FHM, Pimephales promelas), a physiologically based computational model was developed of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis. Apical reproductive endpoints in the model include plasma steroid hormone and vitellogenin concentrations.