Schirmer, K. (2006). Toxicology 224, 163-183.
Categorization of the assay/approach:
Status of the assay:
Categorization according to "exposure duration/effect":
Categorization according to combination of type of effect, endpoint measured and/or method used:
Categorization according to what "R" from the "3R" concept is this assay an alternative:
Schirmer, K. (2006). Proposal to improve vertebrate cell cultures to establish them as substitutes for the regulatory testing of chemicals and effluents using fish. Toxicology 224, 163-183.